Nadine Discusses...

Thursday, June 01, 2006

Pressure to be thin...

Society has no become so consume with the fantasy of having that fantasy body it has even began to start to influence children as young as the age of 8. On a recent episode of Oprah Wiphrey an 8 year old little girl was on the show with her mother. Her mother was discussing how her daughter already at this young of an age had been diagnosed to have a slight waiting discarded. She was seen making comments on the show such as, wanting to be pretty like the girls she has seen on TV, and also pointing out girls in public that she considered to be fat, or ugly. This was so shocking for me to watch and saddening. I have encountered individuals of a teen age or older with cuch problems and complexes, but never seen it this young. The young girls mother talks of how she believes this to have happened from the major influences she gets from TV, and other media outlets. Her mother discussed how is next to impossible to avoid such imagery or influences.

Gays and Lesbians and their portrayal in our society...

I believe it to be very interesting that within each culture exceptions of such issues are quite different. Within our society there seems to be less distressing of such behaviors. It was once a fact that shows on TV covering such relationships would not be aired. On TV today is very apparent that this is no longer the case as seen in such shows as Will and Grace and throughout Realty TV that has consumed our lives. On such shows all issues that were once never discussed but now we see them everywhere. They were once I believe more stereotyped than they are seen today. Realty TV has defiantly helped in the showing the true experiences, and lives lived within such relationships. As a down fall though however, I believe such shows should have some sort of regulations, something we now see on TV and Movies is very explicate not just on this subject but on many. Young children I belief have access to too much information at a young age. I defiantly do however belief it is good to make sure everything I

Stereotyping of accents and cultures

This is a subject that I have experienced first hand many a times. My family are all from England we moved over here about 9 years ago. Through this transition I have encountered many times cultural stereotypes of my culture. There are many phrases, expressions, and myths regarding the English culture that people relate to me in my everyday life. One huge stereotype would be that everyone in England had tea time and drink tea and biscuits out of beautiful elegant tea cups... Defiantly not the case. I am the queen enjoys this part of her day but the average English family does not take part in this. Another English myth would be that everyone in England actually has horrible rotten bad teeth. This would be something that is not seen throughout every household. One personal experience I will actually remember I believe for forever would be my first week or so at an American high school. It just happened to be the year that Austin Powers was actually released. This defiantly made my transition hear quite interesting. I must have heard Austin Powers quotes for about, oh, my four years of high school!
This stereotyping is apparent throughout any culture. I believe it is highly influenced by the way the media depicts such cultures, as seen in my Austin Powers experience. This happens in every culture it is just made more apparent when an individual is taken out of there own comfort zone, such as country, or state or even city.

Video Game Violence 5/22

I believe it to be very interesting to see how video games have evolved within the past 12years of me just playing and seeing them played by my brothers and friends. I remember only ever playing games such as mario brothers, pac man, and tetris. I never would image on playing games with guns, blood, shooting and overall violentThese games seem to have become more prominant over the past few years. It seems that society has allowed these games to become very essesible, accepted and agnolged. I believe that the media overall becoming less restricted has allowed for all media avenues to be intoxicated. All of the issues I believe we have addressed so far in class have been connected. It has been shown as a snow ball effect. With the shift in socitys determination for sucess, money , and acceptance comes a lack of attention to children. Thus leadin these children to be consumed by new tecnology. However some games on the other hand I believe are very good for children. Tecnology is and is going to continue to consume society and the function of society. These children do need to learn how to use these devices, and practice such skills. I believe the seed of all these problems is actually the parent or guardian and their lack of pressence or giudence within their childrens lifes.

Women is the newsroom...

It was very interesting to listen to the speakers today in class. In discussing of women and the roles we take on in life from the minute we are really born. I believe in our society the majority of us have the urge to be a mother, a wife, a caregiver, and everything that goes into that mix. This is something that is just in our genes from birth. I belive though that a huge amount of women are also very driven in thier career fields. It is really hard I belive for a women to take a backseat in the household, but even more challenging for some women to take a backseat in the business,career world. Our speakers on May 31st were perfect examples of two totally career driven women that have this struggle between personal life and work everyday. To be very talented in a certain field and not have enough hours in a day to be able to put 110% into everything without spreading ones self way to thin. Another great example I hear, and see everyday would be the life of my boss. A 40 year ild lady that has just recently become a mother, and also become a business owner. My bosses husband is definatly not the breadwinner in the fami;y. He workls a schedule to fit in with the children. However, my boss is able to forfill her passion of becoming a siccessful women in the Dallas Market. It is very interesting how even though her husband has chose to take this motherly role. Through observation one can tell he is not 100% confident or satisfied with his role. I believe that with time more and more of this instances will be seen in our society. Women bringing home the bread and the male being able to accept a role in the household as the dominant figure at home.

Women is the newsroom...

It was very interesting to listen to the speakers today in class. In discussing of women and the roles we take on in life from the minute we are really born. I believe in our society the majority of us have the urge to be a mother, a wife, a caregiver, and everything that goes into that mix. This is something that is just in our genes from birth. I belive though that a huge amount of women are also very driven in thier career fields. It is really hard I belive for a women to take a backseat in the household, but even more challenging for some women to take a backseat in the business,career world. Our speakers on May 31st were perfect examples of two totally career driven women that have this struggle between personal life and work everyday. To be very talented in a certain field and not have enough hours in a day to be able to put 110% into everything without spreading ones self way to thin. Another great example I hear, and see everyday would be the life of my boss. A 40 year ild lady that has just recently become a mother, and also become a business owner. My bosses husband is definatly not the breadwinner in the fami;y. He workls a schedule to fit in with the children. However, my boss is able to forfill her passion of becoming a siccessful women in the Dallas Market. It is very interesting how even though her husband has chose to take this motherly role. Through observation one can tell he is not 100% confident or satisfied with his role. I believe that with time more and more of this instances will be seen in our society. Women bringing home the bread and the male being able to accept a role in the household as the dominant figure at home.

"Just another pretty face, unable to talk sports."

"Just another pretty face, unable to talk sports.”

Two-sentence summary of findings:Male ESPN anchors were all depicted as everything but a sexual icon. In comparing top sports anchor Dan Patrick to known female anchor Linda Cohn major stereotypes arise. Dan being described only by talent, opinions, and profession. Linda was only stereotyped as un-knowledgably, and described by numerous individuals by her appearance rather than in a professional degree. Review of Literature: The previous study by Heather Michelle Toro, Public Perceptions of credibility of Male and Female Sportscasters,” April 26 2005,
http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05102005-175836/unrestricted/Toro-Thesis.pdf
Discuses the fact that even though women are now becoming more prominent in the coverage of sports media. They are still however no longer considered credible in such expertise by many individuals. This being the case many women who are in such fields are predominantly beautiful subjects of male fantasy.
Another credible research carried out by Alison Trumbulll, Universal women in a Man’s World, July 19-20, 2003.
http://www.linguistics.ucsb.edu/faculty/bucholtz/conference/Trumbull%20Paper.pdf
This methods approach focuses on similar issues of a women’s presence in the field of sports casting. Many of these women are now present but however have been given inferior jobs to the men. Sideline jobs are typically jobs that a woman in such a field are given. A few words from the coach, and a quick smile are all that these producers believe are expectable from such talent.
Research Questions
How does an EPSN sports fan feel about the presence of Linda Cohn verse Dan Patrick?
Are women in the profession of sports media coverage discussed only by their appearance, rather than by their knowledge in their profession?
Should men be the prominent figure in the limelight of sports coverage?
What makes a man more knowledgeable and educated in the field of sports?
Should women cover only sports that they play?
Methodology:My corpus comprises of taking a list of most controversial questions that arise in the discussion of women covering sports. In order to obtain a variety of opinions I chose to evaluate in two different contexts. Actual interviews of men and women, blogs posted on the web, and an overall analysis of ESPN coverage and the reactions of individuals within the space when a female was in front of the camera verse a male. The method is mostly a qualitative content analysis and within that I also did a little quantitative research regarding a recent poll that was posted on rate it all.com, Descriptive analysis was used to discover information that cannot be captured in coding schemes. I conducted a survey taking 20 individuals 10 men and 10 women and asked them to answer my research questions. Findings:http://www.rateitall.com/t-1352-all-time-sportscenter-anchors.aspx?age=&zipcode=&gender=&sort=0&pagesize=all
Rate it .com was a site in which the question of. “Who is the best ESPN anchor of all time” Within these site 20 sports anchors of ESPN were actually rated. It was interesting, but not surprising to find that only one of them was actually a woman. Linda Cohn. From these blogs posted I decided to take the one and only women Linda, and Dan Patrick the #1 rated sports anchor and analysis these discussions. In my findings I found that out of the 15 blogs posted about Dan Patrick 12 of them were positive. An example of a typical comment seen is, “Dan Patrick invented the role of Sports center Anchor, and is the gold standard to which everyone else is measured. His understated humor is brilliant, and you constantly get the feeling that he is poking fun at athletes, sports in general, and himself - but in a way that isn't overly smug (see Dennis Miller). Dan Patrick is in a league of his own.” (Mellagan 03.) Only 3 individuals were against Dan Patrick and his talents as seen by vpg100 in his comment, “You suck.” Posted in 2005. On the other hand Linda Cohn had 17 comments posted about her on this site.12 of these comments were of a negative standpoint. Many of which were based upon descriptions of appearance rather than of her actual talent as an anchor. A perfect example of such commentary is seen by jerseyguy512 “She looks like a horse and her phrases are horrible.” Every comment good or bad had some aspect of a physical description within it. This was not something that was seen in the commentary of Dan Patrick. 6 of these comments towards Linda were of a positive aspect. Even though this was the case as stated they still talked of appearance in some way rather than just her individual skill or talent as a professional. relboy69 (0) on 08/15/2005 11:35PM, said: LC is awesome. Who wouldn't love a woman who absolutely breathes sports? Great energy and even some of you are saying she's good-looking, I wouldn't wish her on Adolf Hitler. She reminds me of a female Mr. Ed with breast implants. This to me is very interesting and goes back to address my research question of Are women in the profession of sports media coverage discussed only by their appearance, rather than by their knowledge in their profession?
In using qualitative research of 20 individuals to form a described analysis the following questions were discussed and answered, categorized and resulted.
How does an EPSN sports fan feel about the presence of Linda Cohn verse Dan Patrick?
Linda Cohn verses Dan Patrick:
Linda very knowledgeable
Knowledgeable
Un- Knowledgeable
Sexual/ Comment about appearance
No idea/ who is that
Below are the results from 10 average male participants:
Linda very knowledgeable: 1
Knowledgeable: 5
Un- Knowledgeable: 4

Sexual/ Comment about appearance: 3 ( all of which were negative comments.
No idea/ who is that: 0
Below are the results from 10 average female participants:
Linda very knowledgeable: 2 (“oh that lady.” Typical comment heard.)
Knowledgeable: 7
Un- Knowledgeable: 4

Sexual/ Comment about appearance
No idea/ who is that: 4

Throughout numerous in depth discussion with my 20 interviews many questions and debates arise. Especially with the men who were avid watches of ESPN. The guy’s responses were typically the entire same context. Many of them were very eager to address the fact that women are not analysis of sports just mere anchors reading scripts. To the majority of these men it was defiantly a job that is not given much credibility in their eyes.


Conclusions:While the female is becoming a more dominant figure in the world of sports media coverage, it is still however very apparent that the female is still not a credible face in this profession. This study fits much of the prior research on advertising depictions of men and women, in the field of Sports Media. Women are much more likely to be depicted in a sexual context or seen in such a manor. This as is seen prominently in my research of Linda Cohn. It is amazing how no matter how educated a female maybe in this field to be seen and respected in such a manor is not going to come easy. This is also very apparent in the comments posted on rate it .com As a male in sports no matter if you are as educated or not it is still pretty apparent that the average viewer would still rather have a male represent sports media than a female. One questions that is something I feel should be addressed is as our society is evolving everyday with women becoming the more dominant species in 20+ years or so we may even see women playing such sports as Football, Rugby, etc. If this were to happen would society then accept a women in front of a sports camera more? A question that will only be answered with time.

Thursday, May 25, 2006

Framing within American Idol

I thought this in class was very interesting. I, like many others I am sure was appalled by the framing techniques used throughout this season of American idol. I am not a huge fan of the show, but have watch it enough to not watch it ever again. I think that they have really hit the nail on the head when it comes to marketing something, or especially someone as in this season with no true talent. It is obvious that this show is not really a way for true talent to be sought out. In fact it is just a huge political scheme used to sucker viewers in and be over exposed to "one" individual to the point where you are convinced that it must be talent. Previous shows I have not really felt as though it was as much of a frame. This season the framing aspect of media coverage was visibly noticed throughout. True talent is not the drive of American idol anymore it is the masterminds behind the cameras "framing" that led to Taylors success.

Media Coverage of missing persons

Throughout the news and media coverage that follows individuals that have become missing it is very interesting to analysis how such individuals are portrayed. When covering such stories the question arises of the necessity in disclosure of personal backgrounds of these individuals. Is it truly necessary to reveal all. I belief that any and everything that can be revealed about an individual could lead to any member of the public to help. So if everything should be revealed how should it be approached. In certain cases it has been argued that some issues such as being a single mom, divorced, unemployed etc. Are only have a negative effect on society's opinions of certain races. In conclusion, I believe that this discussion should really not become an issue. When these individuals are in the limelight of the media it is only for there better good. With the hope for someone or something to be discovered and there disappearance be resolved. I believe that everything should be revealed about any and every missing person no matter of age, gender, or race. As far as this leading to the stereotyping of certain races, or genders. When it comes down to it the issue at hand is not one that has time to be pondered upon. Now once an individual has been discovered, then I believe that the media coverage should only be minimal when it is discussing the victim.

"A male's demure scent in fragrance ads, a women's sexual scent"

Two-sentence summary of findings:
Men in ads for fragrance ads in two entertainment magazines, cosmopolitan, and Maxim were all depicted in demure dress. This stereotype of male hierarchy is prominent in the male ads. While women were depicted as partially clad or suggestively dressed within both sets of ads. Any of the ads seen portrayed women in one way: a signalized role.

Summary of the previous study:
The previous study by A Comparative Analysis of the Roles Portrayed by Women in Print Advertisements: 1958, 1970, 1972
Ahmed Belkaoui, Janice M. Belkaoui
Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 13, No. 2 (May, 1976) , pp. 168-172 .reveals that women are depicted more explicitly than are men in magazine ads, during a comparison of ads from 1983 and 1993. In this study of six magazines, women were three times more likely to appear in more sexual roles than men. Many cliche were also recorded one being women are used mainly for a man's personal pleasure, women are dependent upon a man for protection and overall men are not interested in women as people.

Its most important foundation literature and how it relates to your own project:
The most relevant study used by the previous study is the work by Lambaise and Reichert (“Sex in Advertising,” 1986, Journal of Advertising), which used a similar coding scale. Even though this study was in realtion to the content of covers on "lad" magazines. Coding scales of this qualitative research are quite simular to ones I used. Isuues of demure dressing, in relation to the partial clad female stance.

Corpus and method:
My corpus comprises all full-page ads for fragrances, appearing in the May 2006, issue of Maxim and the May 2006, issue of CospCosmopolitanazine. The method is qualitative content analysis, in which the main character in each ad was coded for dress attributes, and then for sexual content within the ad. Descriptive analysis was used to discover information that cannot be captured in coding schemes.

Findings:
Cosmopolitan magazine included 7 depictions of Men in ads for womewomen'sgrances: 1 ad for a male fragrance with a man and women. All three depictions of men were coded as demure, in a heiahierarchye or situation; All depictions of women were partially clad, all in very sexual suggestive positions and situations. In Maxim, there were only 4 fragrance ads to be coded: all men being demurely dressed , and all women who were nude but partially covered. Whether it be by a slight object, camera angle or by another body part. Both magazines featured all of the pistures of women in sexual roles. In the amle fragrance ads however the women was depicted in submission to the man. Needy and fantasied by his oure exsistance. Ine the female fragrance ads however, the women was still portrayed with a sexual pressence but the male playing the less dominant role in the situation. A typical “heiarcy ” depiction of the male can be found in an ad for ONYX, in which a main character, the male, was dressed in a demure eye catching business suit. While a partially clad women is seen in a sexually context yearing for his attention. Even though the womens fragrance ads also depict women in a sexual context is in indeed one of power as seen in such ads as Armani code .

Conclusions:
Whether the male is playing the dominant role or the female the women however is also depicted in a sexualized position and partially-clad attire. It is prominantly seen throughout either the male entertainment magazines and female. It is however, quite interesting how a male fragrance implys the women to be needed, and submissive to the males heirachy; The female ad reveals the womens sexual emplications to be powerful and alluring. Overall, as seen in numerous coding and studies the women always seems to have to be partially clad or nude to imply sexual pressence. Of course in the maxim magazine this was pushed as far as it could possibly be taken.

Tuesday, May 16, 2006

Looking at gender roles in Media

Society today has been consumed by reality based TV shows. Such reality shows especially place a tremendous amount of pressure on females. Through the many changers that have taken place in the workforce women now are no longer being portrayed as mealy the housewife. Instead women are being portrayed I believe as sex symbols. In every form of mass media we see this issue arise. I believe it to be very interesting that this shift has taken place. Women can no longer just be represented in media as the wife, cook, mother so now I believe women are more prominently refer to as being provocative, forceful, and demanding. This shift has obviously taken place over the past few years. With women taking a more dominant role in the workforce, no longer can this simple portray take place.
This portrayal of women on TV also leads to the discussion of women become more of a consumer than a human . Through such shows as "A Make over Story" and " Lives of the rich and Famous" it has become hard not to want to constantly consumer materialistic possessions. This idealized portray of a women in all of these sitcoms, and reality shows leads invites one to believe this is what women today should be trying to emulate.